Population of Kuwait

 

 

 

 

Introduction:

 

     The first population census in Kuwait was conducted in 1957. Little was known about the population of Kuwait before that date, although some travelers gave estimates which lacked accuracy. The Central Statistics Office tentatively estimates the 1910 population at about 35,000.

 

     From 1910 to 1935 when prospecting for oil started with promising results, the rate of population growth suddenly accelerated and reached 75,000 prior to the Second World War, or rather before actual oil exports started. In the early 1950s the population was 100,000. When the first population census was conducted in 1957 the population had doubled to 206,000.

 

     Since 1957, a census of the population in Kuwait has been conducted every five years. The results of the April 1985 population census indicate that the population is 1,712,133. Estimates from the Central Statistics Office indicate that the population rose by mid-1988 to 1,95,477, and decreased to 1.8 million according to the 1995 census.

 

 

Population Annual Growth Rate:

 

     Preliminary estimates of the 1985 population census indicate a decrease in the annual growth rate of the population of Kuwait to 4.5% for the inter sensor years 1980-1985, compared with 6.4% between the censuses of 1975 and 1980. The 1985 census figures indicate that the rate of growth for Kuwaitis remained unchanged at 3.7%, compared with a decline in that of the non-Kuwaitis population to 5.1% against 8.7% between the censuses of 1975 and 1980.

 

     With the exception of the period between the 1970 and 1975 censuses, the rate of growth for non-Kuwaitis since 1957 was higher than that for Kuwaitis. It is clear that this attributable to the high rate of immigration, which is considered to be the main factor responsible for the increase in population.

 

     Despite the fact that the period of oil revenues boom has begun to fade, efforts to bolster economic base and maintain high rates of economic growth are being done; development project are underway and other services are planned to be provided. This objective could be attained by the help of foreign labor. Therefore international immigration to Kuwait and hence increase in growth rates, will still play an essential role in the foreseeable future to bridge the gap between the demand for man power and its availability.

 

 

Estimation of Population (1985 - 1995):

 

Year

Kuwaiti

Non-Kuwaiti

Total

1985

473978

1245659

1719637

1986

481568

1306144

1797712

1987

509391

1367900

1877291

1988

527448

1430926

1958374

1989

545738

1495223

2040961

1990

564262

1560791

2125053

1991

583019

-

-

1992

602010

796049

1398059

1993

621235

811970

1433205

1994

640693

948942

1589635

1995

660385

996179

1656564

 

Previous rates of population growth were as follows:

  • Between the census conducted in 1965 and 1975, Kuwait’s growth rate 6.2%, non-Kuwaiti 8.7%, general average 7.9%.

  • 1975-1980 censuses: Kuwaitis growth rate 4.7%, non Kuwaitis 7.3%, and general average 4.6%.

  • 1980-1985 censuses: Kuwaitis growth rate 4.0%, non Kuwaiti 4.8%, general average 4%.

     After identifying population without nationality no statistics about population according to nationalities are currently available.

 

 

The Female Population of Kuwait:

 

     There has been a slight but perceptible increase in the Kuwaiti female percentage of the population based on the statistics of the population censuses conducted in Kuwait, from 47.9% in 1957 to 50.4% in the 1985 census.

 

     On the other hand, the percentage of the non Kuwaiti population has risen substantially, increasing from 21.5% in 1957 to 38.2% in the 1985 population census.

 

Population by Nationality and sex in census years (1965-1995):

 

Census

Population

Years

Nationality

Male

Femle

Total

April 1965

Kuwaiti

Non-Kuwaiti

Total

85856

200456

286312

82937

98090

181027

168793

298546

497339

April 1975

Kuwaiti

Non-Kuwaiti

Total

153010

390758

543768

154745

296324

451069

307755

687082

994837

April 1980

Kuwaiti

Non-Kuwaiti

Total

191492

585147

776639

195203

386110

581313

386695

971257

1357952

April 1985

Kuwaiti

Non-Kuwaiti

Total

238181

727116

965297

232292

499712

732004

47073

1226828

1697201

April 1990

Kuwaiti

Non-Kuwaiti

Total

293570

951354

1244924

287104

609437

896541

580674

1560791

2141465

April 1995

Kuwaiti

Non-Kuwaiti

Total

351099

687715

1038814

343257

308464

651721

694356

996179

1690535

 

     These estimations are in accordance with the estimations of central departments for census - Ministry of Planning. They are derived from the previous censuses and labor force research by sample for 1988, assuming the stability of the elements used in them.

 

     The labor force research by sample for 1988 resulted, for the first time, in stating the numbers of Kuwaitis in census years after excluding population without nationality. The results are shown in the following table.

 

Year Number Percentage by Population
1965 168793 36.1
1975 307755 30.9
1980 386695 28.5
1985 470473 27.7

 

     As for population estimations from the outcomes of labor force research by sample for 1988, Kuwaitis were about (536371) by percentage (28.6%). Kuwait population was about (2132185) in 1/8.1990 directly before invasion, the Kuwaitis were (565829) be percentage (26.6%).

 

     The Kuwaitis in work force reached, in pursuant to the results of the referred research, about (115332). The Kuwaiti males constitute a majority in Kuwaiti labor force, in comparison, with females; they are (82887) by percentage (71.9%).

 

     As for marital status for Kuwait working individuals, the estimations of the research mentioned that the total of unmarried Kuwait working individuals came to (35259) by percentage (30.6%) of the total Kuwaiti force and the numbers of unmarried females was about (10731) by percentage (33.1%).
As for work sectors, most Kuwait work force centralizes in the governmental sector by (91.3%) and in the private sector by (6.8%) in the joint sector by (1.9%).