Population of Kuwait
The first population census in Kuwait was conducted in 1957. Little was known about the population of Kuwait before that date, although some travelers gave estimates which lacked accuracy. The Central Statistics Office tentatively estimates the 1910 population at about 35,000.
From 1910 to 1935 when prospecting for oil started with promising results, the rate of population growth suddenly accelerated and reached 75,000 prior to the Second World War, or rather before actual oil exports started. In the early 1950s the population was 100,000. When the first population census was conducted in 1957 the population had doubled to 206,000.
Since 1957, a census of the population in Kuwait has been conducted every five years. The results of the April 1985 population census indicate that the population is 1,712,133. Estimates from the Central Statistics Office indicate that the population rose by mid-1988 to 1,95,477, and decreased to 1.8 million according to the 1995 census.
Preliminary estimates of the 1985 population census indicate a decrease in the annual growth rate of the population of Kuwait to 4.5% for the inter sensor years 1980-1985, compared with 6.4% between the censuses of 1975 and 1980. The 1985 census figures indicate that the rate of growth for Kuwaitis remained unchanged at 3.7%, compared with a decline in that of the non-Kuwaitis population to 5.1% against 8.7% between the censuses of 1975 and 1980.
With the exception of the period between the 1970 and 1975 censuses, the rate of growth for non-Kuwaitis since 1957 was higher than that for Kuwaitis. It is clear that this attributable to the high rate of immigration, which is considered to be the main factor responsible for the increase in population.
Despite the fact that the period of oil revenues boom has begun to fade, efforts to bolster economic base and maintain high rates of economic growth are being done; development project are underway and other services are planned to be provided. This objective could be attained by the help of foreign labor. Therefore international immigration to Kuwait and hence increase in growth rates, will still play an essential role in the foreseeable future to bridge the gap between the demand for man power and its availability.
Previous rates of population growth were as follows:
After identifying population without nationality no statistics about population according to nationalities are currently available.
There has been a slight but perceptible increase in the Kuwaiti female percentage of the population based on the statistics of the population censuses conducted in Kuwait, from 47.9% in 1957 to 50.4% in the 1985 census.
On the other hand, the percentage of the non Kuwaiti population has risen substantially, increasing from 21.5% in 1957 to 38.2% in the 1985 population census.
Population by Nationality and sex in census years (1965-1995):
These estimations are in accordance with the estimations of central departments for census - Ministry of Planning. They are derived from the previous censuses and labor force research by sample for 1988, assuming the stability of the elements used in them.
The labor force research by sample for 1988 resulted, for the first time, in stating the numbers of Kuwaitis in census years after excluding population without nationality. The results are shown in the following table.
As for population estimations from the outcomes of labor force research by sample for 1988, Kuwaitis were about (536371) by percentage (28.6%). Kuwait population was about (2132185) in 1/8.1990 directly before invasion, the Kuwaitis were (565829) be percentage (26.6%).
The Kuwaitis in work force reached, in pursuant to the results of the referred research, about (115332). The Kuwaiti males constitute a majority in Kuwaiti labor force, in comparison, with females; they are (82887) by percentage (71.9%).
As for marital status for Kuwait working individuals, the estimations of the
research mentioned that the total of unmarried Kuwait working individuals
came to (35259) by percentage (30.6%) of the total Kuwaiti force and the
numbers of unmarried females was about (10731) by percentage (33.1%).